The clusters were ranked on the basis of the continuous UADI scores and categorized into quintiles divided at the 20th, 40th, 60th, and 80th percentiles, such that class I was assigned to the 20% least disadvantaged urban areas and class V the 20% most disadvantaged urban areas.
Table 1 presents the distribution of the independent variables by UADI. Children in the most disadvantaged UADI quintile (class V) most frequently were male, were of high birth order and medium birth interval (order [greater than or equal to] 5 and 24-47 months), and had mothers who were younger (24-28 years of age), married, and uneducated, worked as clerical/sales/services/skilled manual employees, and were in the poorest household wealth quintile.
Sociodemographic characteristics of the urban population according to UADI [n (%)].
Results from model 1 indicate a 30% and 50% increase in under-5 deaths among the more disadvantaged children compared with the least disadvantaged UADI quintile.
On examination of the association between under-5 mortality and UADI, our findings indicated that under-5 mortality rate increased with increasing levels of urban area disadvantage.
Bengasi (Haimann 1882); Dernah (Werner 1908b); Um Erzeni (Giglio-Tos 1923, as Gryllus domesticus); Fuehat (Zanon 1924, as Gryllus domesticus); Bengasi (Salfi 1925, as Gryllus domesticus); Bardia (Salfi 1927a, as Gryllus domesticus); Uadi Gerfen (Capra 1929, as Gryllus domesticus); Tibesti (Chopard 1932, as Gryllus domesticus); Cufra: Haret el Hafun, El Tag (Salfi 1934, as Gryllus domesticus); Gat (Salfi 1935a, as Gryllus domesticus); Marada, Cialo (Salfi 1930a, 1935b, as Gryllus domesticus); Misurata, Cialo, Homs, Uadi Cerfen, 40 Km E Gadames (Massa 1998).
Uadi Gerfen (Capra 1929); El Azizia (Menozzi 1940, as G.
Jebel Soda, Wadi Chadaifa, Tessaua, Mourzuk, 10 miles N Brak (Jebel Fezzan) (Mc Kevan 1959); Oasis Giarabub, Uadi Tanezzuft (Massa 1998); Wadi es Schebbenmaka, 70 km W Waw el Kebir 20.IV.1955, E.
italicus); Uadi Kuf, Uadi Derna, Apollonia, Merg, Tolmetta, Toaa (Giglio-Tos 1923, as C.
Bir Tesscia, Uadi Sofeggin (La Greca 1957); Eifren (Dj.
littoralis charpentieri); Giarabub, Hatietel-Fredga (Capra 1929, as Thisoicetrus littoralis prope littoralis); Giarabub, Homs (Capra 1929, as Thisoicetrus littoralis charpentieri); Wadi Hira, Bengasi, Tirrhe, Brak, Tibesti, Tesaua (Grunshaw 1991); Oasis Giarabub, Hatiet el-Fredga, Porto Bardia, Uadi Cerfen, Homs, Sabratha, Gatrun (Massa 1998); Aqar, Brack, Maharugah, Qardah, Qirah, Ququm, Tamzawah, Tarut, Wanzarik (Ajaili et al 1989); Anfang, August, Chirza (Chersa), Gebel T'kut, Umgebung, Al Abyad, Al Awaynat, Ben Hareth, Ed Disah, El Barakat, Fungul, Ghodwa, Khalayf, Samnu, Sebha, Tanahmah (Usmani 2008); Sebha 1937, l a, H.
Ain Sarah, Mell'aha, Endschila, Bengasi (Werner 1908b); Uadi Derna, Tolmetta, Merg, Wadi Kuf, Bengasi, Derna (Giglio-Tos 1923, as Aiolopus strepens); Derna, Bengasi (Salfi 1925); Bardia, Aro Mara (Salfi 1927a); Aro Zara (Salfi 1927b); Sebha (Salfi 1935a); Tazerbo, Marada, Cialo (Salfi 1935b); Libya (Hollis 1968); Gatrun, Brach, Murzuk, Ubari, Um elAraneb, Buema, Bengasi, Derna (Massa 1998); Ashkidah, Aqar, Brak, Mahrugah, Qardah, Qugum, Tamzawah, Tarut, Zahs, Zalwaz (Ajaili et al.