The Government continued to oppose efforts by the outlawed UBCV to operate and continued to restrict the movement of UBCV leaders.
The Government allows, and in some cases encourages, links between officially recognized religious bodies and coreligionists in other countries; however, the Government actively discourages contacts between the UBCV and its foreign Buddhist supporters.
Restrictions on UBCV leaders remained in place, with much of the leadership's freedom of movement, expression, and assembly limited.
(17.) For illustrative writing and reports about UBCV
and its encounters with Vietnamese authorities, see Denny (1992, pp.
The Government continued to ban and actively discourage participation in certain unrecognized religious groups, including the Unified Buddhist Church of Vietnam (UBCV) and some Protestant, Hoa Hao, and Cao Dai groups.
The Government influenced the selection of the leadership of the VBS, excluding some leaders of the pre-1981 UBCV organization.
The Government continued to oppose efforts by the unrecognized UBCV to operate independently.
The Government influenced the selection of the leadership of the VBS, excluding many leaders and supporters of the pre-1975 UBCV organization.
Restrictions on UBCV leaders remained in place, with much of the group's leadership placed under official or de facto pagoda arrest.
UBCV monk Thich Thien Minh, who had been imprisoned since March 1979, was amnestied in February 2005.
Two-year administrative probation terms were placed on four UBCV leaders during the period covered by this report.
The Government continued to ban and actively discourage participation in what it regards as illegal religious groups, including the UBCV and Protestant house churches, as well as the unapproved Hoa Hao and Cao Dai groups.