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To date there have been limited studies comparing clinical characteristics of UCPPS in males and females.
We identified 2007 subjects (1523 males; 484 females) with UCPPS. Of the 1523 male patients, 26 had IC/BPS and 7 had Hunner lesions identified on cystoscopy.
As there is increasing awareness that UCPPS in males may relate not only to the prostate, more have argued that IC/BPS and CP/CPPS may represent different manifestations of the same disease process.
Although it is well established that males and females with UCPPS have increased prevalence of co-morbid functional/systemic symptoms compared to healthy controls (17-19), there have been no studies to date directly comparing the presence of co-morbid functional/systemic conditions among males and females with UCPPS.
Interestingly, we found that females with UCPPS had higher rates of alcohol use compared to males with UCPPS whereas the opposite is true in the general population.
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