As to the various economic community groupings, the largest gains in a reduction in corruption are in the UDEAC group and the COMESA group.
Asia $2,319 45.0 World $7,162 54.7 COMESA ECOWAS SADC UDEAC Benin 1 Botswana 1 Burkina Faso 1 C.
The only UDEAC country not included is Equatorial Guinea.
Among possible explanations of these anomalies, defenders of the functional approach might point to the fact that in CARICOM and UDEAC, to name the clearest examples, integration has remained shallow in practice despite the ambitious treaty goals.
Legalism and asymmetry [a] Level of economic asymmetry Level of legalism Low High Total High or very high 9 CACM CIS Andean Pact ECOWAS EC EFTA 1992 COMESA CEAO EAC Medium 31 OECS MERCOSUR Chile-Colombia Mexico Pacts (4) Chile-Venezuela Chile-Bolivia Chile-Canada Chile-Ecuador NAFTA EC-Israel EC Associations (12) EFTA-Czech Republic EFTA-Poland EFTA-Hungary EFTA-Romania EFTA-Slovak Republic EFTA-Turkey Low or none 23 Baltic FTA CARICOM Romania--Czech Republic U.S.-Israel Bulgaria--Slovak Republic EFTA 1960 Romania--Slovak Republic EFTA-Israel AFTA EFTA-Bulgaria Mano River Union EFTA-Estonia EFTA-Latvia EFTA-Lithuania EFTA-Slovenia EEA CEFTA Hungary-Slovenia Bulgaria-Czech Republic SACU UDEAC ANZCERTA GCC Total 16 47 63 Note: P ([X.sup.2] [greater than] 17.08) =0.000.
UDEAC (Central African Customs and Economic Union).