Wednesday marked the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR
lays down a number of objectives and provides "a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations".
Amnesty director Kate Allen said: "The world of 2008 needs the UDHR
just as much as the world of 1948."
The resulting 2008 Faith in Human Rights statement represents the first time such a diverse and high level group of religious representatives has explicitly endorsed the UDHR
, and specifically stressed the importance of the freedom of religion or belief.
It contains 30 illustrations, one for each of the 30 Articles of the UDHR
By using the content of the UDHR
as a blueprint to examine historical issues, students are given the opportunity to discover the universal values that are at the core of this internationally recognized "declaration." Students can also explore, through the eyes of others, how people from different cultures articulate universal rights within their own contexts, and when and why nations (the United States included) drift from universal rights in their policymaking or in practice.
In this case, Maritain insisted that there can be no rights without responsibilities, an argument that is eventually embedded in the 1948 UDHR
. Maritain's influence on Catholicism is even more pronounced.
The protections in the UDHR
also include economic, social, and cultural rights such as the fight to food, clothing, housing and medical care, to social security, to work, to equal pay for equal work, to form trade unions, and to an education.
These rights are not strictly political, as the UDHR
mentions: "The right to work, to protection against unemployment, and to join trade unions; the right to a standard of living adequate for health and well-being; the right to education; and the right to rest and leisure." In summary, we can say that human rights are the inalienable social, economic and political rights, which accrue to human beings by virtue of their belonging to the human family.
While the US, nearly atone among industrialized nations, has not ratified the UN's International Covenant for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, three California communities (San Francisco, Oakland and Berkeley) have declared themselves "human rights cities" and pledged to oppose any taws or activities that run counter to the UDHR
. [For information on how to make your town a "human rights city," contact Food First, 398 60th St., Oakland, CA 94618, (510) 654-4400.]
The initiative for the UDHR
came about as a reaction to World War II.
Recently; Terrorist-Modi also committed 'constitutional terrorism' by abrogating Articles 370 and 35-A which is (totally) against the principles of UN's UDHR