In proceedings under UIFSA
and the Hague Maintenance Convention, a
was a preexisting model law that "proved to be a near-perfect vehicle for integrating a federally negotiated treaty into American state law." (125) In contrast, federal courts are rarely called upon to enforce child support orders issued by state courts, so federal enforcement of the Child Support Convention would have required either: (1) adding a new category of cases to the dockets of federal courts; or (2) creating a new federal administrative bureaucracy to implement the Convention.
In Afghanistan, the initial local owners of the post-Taliban peace process were established in the Bonn Agreement and consisted mainly of representatives of UIFSA
. As perceived by the international actors, the legitimate future local owners would in a next step be established in open and fair elections.
reduces the possibility for multiple state support orders and makes procedures for initiating and enforcing support orders more efficient.
Since both the UCCJEA and UIFSA
define the subject-matter jurisdiction of signatory states' courts to hear custody and support cases, respectively, both uniform acts affect the potential application of the principle of priority.
By 1996, PRWORA mandated that all states pass UIFSA
as well as other improved interstate enforcement measures as a condition of federal aid, including the introduction of standardized forms for case processing, use of telephonic hearings, and the creation of more flexible standards for the admissibility of evidence.
also adopts the principle of continuing exclusive jurisdiction from the Uniform Child Custody jurisdiction Act ("UCCJA").(136) By providing that an order may be modified only by the court that originally issued it, this principle makes valid only one support order for each parent-child relationship at any given time.(137) Thus, a responding court will be discouraged from creating a new support order with different terms because the responding court's order will be ineffective as long as the initiating court retains its exclusive jurisdiction.
In 1993, eight state legislatures enacted the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA
), a major overhaul of interstate child support enforcement rules.
and territories enacted the amended version of UIFSA
. In one highly
(2) "Family cases" include dissolution of marriage, annulment, support unconnected with dissolution of marriage, paternity, child support, UIFSA
, custodial care of and access to children, proceedings for temporary or concurrent custody of minor children by extended family, adoption, name change, declaratory judgment actions related to premarital, marital, or postmarital agreements, civil domestic, repeat violence, dating violence, and sexual violence injunctions, juvenile dependency, termination of parental rights, juvenile delinquency, emancipation of a minor, CINS/FINS, truancy, and modification and enforcement of orders entered in these cases.
(37) Today, all fifty states have adopted a version of the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA
), (38) which "rests on expansion of concepts of personal jurisdiction ...
The Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA
) is at the core of the establishment, modification, and enforcement of not only child support across state lines, but with its 2001 amended version, is also affecting issues across international borders.