An estimated FIFTY PERCENT of those who took part suffer from PTSD (one notable example is former general and commander of UNAMIR
and current Senator Romeo Dallaire).
(68) This operation was known as "Operation Turquoise." (69) Once security had been established, UNAMIR
troops took over from Operation Turquoise on August 21, 1994.
(54) Australian War Memorial, "Rwanda (UNAMIR
), 1993-1996," https://www.awm.gov.au/unit/U60680/.
His request that an informant who gave UNAMIR
good information about the plans of the Rwandan government for violence against the Tutsi minority be evacuated for his safety was also denied.
The UNHCR and UNAMIR
had separated the old Rwandan military from the civilian population into separate camps.
It is estimated that the actions of the UNAMIR
mission succeeded in saving the lives of several thousand Rwandans.
From my vantage point as commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR
), I was able to watch the strange dichotomy of local media, on one side, fuelling the killing while international media, on the other side, virtually ignored or misunderstood what was happening.
Security Council Resolution 918 formally expanded the mandate of the UN Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR
) to include contributing "to the security and protection of displaced persons, refugees and civilians at risk in Rwanda, including through the establishment and maintenance, where feasible, of secure humanitarian areas." (70) However, this resolution was passed on 17 May 1994, seven weeks after the start of the Rwandan genocide.
Consequently, the extent to which UNAMIR
was responsible for saving them is not entirely clear.
Dallaire was appointed Force Commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR
) prior to and during the 1994 Rwandan genocide.
Gambari, Rwanda: An African Perspective, in THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL: FROM THE COLD WAR TO THE 21 ST CENTURY, supra note 18, at 512, 517-18 (noting that three months passed before for the first UNAMIR
II troops arrived).