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They said UNCLOS is the "legal framework within which all activities in the oceans and seas, including in the South China Sea, must be carried out and which provides the basis for national, regional and global coope-ration in the maritime domain." They recalled that the July 2016 arbitral ruling that favored the Philippines and invalidated China's claims over most of the West Philippine Sea was rendered under UNCLOS.
Furthermore, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom welcome the on-going negotiations between the ASEAN member States and China in view of achieving a rules-based, co-operative and effective Code of Conduct consistent with UNCLOS in the South China Sea and encourage progress towards its early conclusion.
In a speech at the opening of the 7th Biennial Conference of the Asian Society of International Law (Asil), Locsin referred to Unclos as the constitution of the oceans.
'Under UNCLOS, in the exercise by foreign merchant ships and warships of innocent passage thru the territorial sea or archipelagic waters, the coastal state cannot require prior permission or prior notification,' he said.
The UNCLOS, the foundation of the historic ruling on the South China Sea filed before the Permanent Court of Arbitration, is ratified by 168 parties.
Garcia particularly cited UNCLOS Article 94-7, which states that each country has to have an inquiry by proper authorities when "a ship flying its flag and causing loss of life or serious injury to nationals of another State."
However, despite the comprehensive nature of UNCLOS, many feel that BBNJ is not adequately covered under it as detailed knowledge of BBNJ was not available, even to the scientific community, at the time.
He said all parties should also avoid actions of a provocative nature and which could cause tension as and avoid military-related actions, and all claims and solutions should be based on international law including UNCLOS.
Charter) is the principle foundation for UNCLOS, and accordingly, there are limitations on tribunal rulings by the Permanent Member States on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
Bangladesh delegation informed the meeting that it had submitted its most significant claim on the extended Continental Shelf to the CLCS on February 25, 2011 within the deadline as per the UNCLOS. This submission completed the outstanding obligation of Bangladesh as per article 76 of the UNCLOS 1982 in submitting scientific and technical information to the CLCS in support of its claim to the Extended Continental Shelf beyond 200 nautical miles.
UNCLOS came into force in 1994 and set out the concept of exclusive economic zones (EEZs).
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