UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold first institutionalized peacekeeping as an extension of UN diplomacy, in the first UNEF
mission to Sinai in 1956.
(99) Krome korejske valky byla rezoluce uplatnena take v roce 1956 k ustaveni jiz zminovane UNEF
I, v roce 1960 pri vzniku UN Operation in the Congo (ONUC) a v roce 1979, kdy SSSR blokoval rozhodnuti RB ohledne sovetske invaze do Afghanistanu.(100)
In fact, the Uniting For Peace Resolution was used in 1956 to authorize and deploy an international emergency force (UNEF
) which was tasked with maintaining peace between Israel and Egypt in the aftermath of the 1956 Suez Crisis.
The leadership in Egypt, pressed by Nasser, wanted a withdrawal of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF
) from the Sinai.
would need to be funded independently, possibly by finally imposing some sort of UN revenue raising tax on international flights or currency transactions.
On 7 November, 1956, the General Assembly adopted a resolution which launched the first peacekeeping operation in UN history, the UN Emergency Force in the Middle East (UNEF
The statement made by Huang Hua, China's then ambassador to the UN during the Security Council discussion of the deployment of UN Emergency Force II (UNEF
II) in 1973, appositely summarised this attitude:
Unlike the UN's authorization for military operations in Korea by the United States and its allies, the UN Emergency Force (UNEF
) established in the wake of the Middle East war to separate Israeli and Egyptian forces was clearly identified with the office initiative of the Secretary General.
He ordered the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF
) from Egyptian territory.
Israeli forces withdrew in March 1957, after the United Nations established the UN Emergency Force (UNEF
) in the Gaza Strip and Sinai.
Emergency Force UNEF
II 1973-1979 Suez Canal sector;