UNHDRUnited Nations Human Development Report
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In Europe, Globalization, and the Coming Universal Caliphate, Bat Ye'or cites Bassam Tibi, a world-class Muslim scholar, to clarify how utterly different the Cairo Declaration is from the UNHDR. According to Tibi, "Peace only exists between Muslims, and not between Muslims and non-Muslims [and] non-believers can only achieve peace with Muslims through conversion or submission (dhimmitude)." Tibi further explains that for a Muslim, "striving in the path of Allah to spread Islam in the world [aka jihad] is not war but a pious, just action and a religious duty." Hence, non-Muslims who obstruct their nation's Islamization must be considered aggressors.
at 1284 ("[In Yemen, a]lthough women may vote and hold office, these rights are limited by cultural and religious customs."); UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT, at 156-57 (1996) [hereinafter UNHDR 1996] (providing statistics exhibiting the global lack of participation of women in the economic and political arenas).
See also UNHDR 1995, supra note 6, at 42 (noting the world-wide dearth of women political leaders).
In addition, "[m]arried women are under the permanent guardianship of their husbands and have no right to manage property in Botswana, Chile, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland." UNHDR 1995, supra note 6, at 43.
(41) See UNHDR 1995, supra note 6, at 34 (noting that two-thirds of the world's illiterate people are female); 1995 COUNTRY REPORTS, supra note 7, at 1293 (citing Afghanistan as an example of where women's educational opportunities are restricted).
(51) See UNHDR 1995, supra note 6, at 43 (citing Bolivia, Guatemala and Syria as examples).
(53) See UNHDR 1995, supra note 6, at 6; JEANNE VICKERS, WOMEN AND THE WORLD ECONOMIC CRISIS 23-24 (1991) (noting that globally, women are far more likely to be employed in low wage, low skill and low prestige jobs).
(93) See MARY BECKER ET AL., FEMINIST JURISPRUDENCE: TAKING WOMEN SERIOUSLY 511 n.3 (1994) (showing women's disparately high presence among the poor); UNHDR 1995, supra note 6, at 4 (noting that women represent seventy percent of persons in poverty).
The HDI uses the logarithm of income, to reflect the diminishing importance of income with increasing Gross National Income (UNHDR 2010).