For instance, as the Smara team site commander in the North Sector from July 2000 to January 2001, I appointed a Chinese officer as my operations officer due to his UNMO skills.
However, the UN uses a "compensatory time off" system to award days off for accumulated workdays--that is, for every five days worked, the UNMO earns one day of compensatory time off.
Any MINURSO UNMO who has navigated with GPS across thousands of kilometers of desert, talked to local Bedouin, and survived the harsh Sahara and the extremes of desert weather will have a decided advantage in such operational environments, whether in Africa or elsewhere, UN related or not.
The UN DPKO provides the following definition of UNMO.
Moore (student, Naval War College, MINURSO UNMO, 2000-2001), interview by the author, 12 October 2006.
Ryder (student, Naval War College, MINURSO UNMO, 1997-98) interview by the author, 10 October 2006.
Chinese UNMOs are usually officers, selected or volunteering from a variety of specialties and backgrounds.
Since 2000, China has supported numerous missions on many different continents, sending UNMOs, police units, and troops to every clime and place.
In MONUC (Democratic Republic of the Congo [DROC]), 230 Chinese troops and UNMOs serve among 18,410 uniformed personnel deploying and maintaining a presence in the key areas of potential volatility in order "to promote the reestablishment of confidence; discourage violence, by deterring the use of force to threaten the political process; and allow United Nations personnel to operate freely, particularly in the Eastern part of DROC.