The average annual effective dose of 0.022 +- 0.0021 mSv a-due to Inhalation from the drinking water of the Township is also lower than the maximum recommended dose of 0.025 mSv a-1 of UNSCEAR
This study is primarily based on the report (2010) of UNSCEAR
. The UNSCEAR
has been undertaking reviews and evaluations of global and regional exposures to radiation and also evaluates evidence of radiation-induced health effects including cancers and deaths in exposed groups, including survivors of the atomic bombings in Japan.
, Sources, Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation, 1993.
By one hand the complexity of the composition of toxicological interest substances could lead to a synergic effect between them (UNSCEAR
As seen in Table 2, the average EF for radon is more as compared to the value given in UNSCEAR
Both Egyptian and Japanese fertilizers maintain radionuclide concentrations less than the recommended limits by UNSCEAR
, 2008, .
Pakistan is also a member of UN Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR
report 2000: Sources and effects of ionizing radiation.
, 1993), the penetrating radiation dose from inhalation of radon is 1 mSv [y.sup.-1].
According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR
) (1,2), so far there have been 80 different radiological accidents involving 120 radiation workers, 110 members of the public and 12 deaths.
2013 REPORT, SCIENTIFIC ANNEX A "Levels and effects of radiation exposure due to the nuclear accident after the 2011 great eastJapan earthquake and tsunami".