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UNSCOMUnited Nations Special Commission
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The UN Security Council tasked the IAEA to verify the destruction of Iraq's nuclear weapons program, and it created a new organization, UNSCOM, to conduct inspections and verify compliance with the other three elements of the WMD program.
Second, even though UNSCOM and the early IAEA inspections operated under a degree of Iraqi obstruction that the Security Council never should have tolerated, the UN inspections' greatest area of weakness lay in New York, not in Iraq.
I had resigned from UNSCOM in 1998, frustrated with the United States for failing to support the work of the weapons inspectors, but I flew to Washington to meet with Senator Roberts, who had expressed interest in going to Baghdad himself to take part in the search.
Although Kay admits that UNSCOM scored a number of successes in the face of Iraqi duplicity and deception, he contends that it ultimately failed to eliminate Sad-dam Hussein's prohibited weapons programs.
From May 1991 to December 1998, UNSCOM and the IAEA's Action Team on Iraq conducted several thousand inspections at over 1,000 facilities.
The Resolution also prevents Iraq from acquiring or developing nuclear weapons and created the special commission, UNSCOM, to inspect Iraqi sites to ensure compliance.
Despite many such furious denunciations, till the day Ekeus handed over his job as UNSCOM chief to the more obviously suspect and disheveled Australian Richard Butler, Ekeus continued in the manner stigmatized by Clark and others.
In fact, according to the International Action Center, UNSCOM cited only five "obstructions" to the 423 inspections conducted during Nov.
The American government was therefore able to use the UNSCOM and the inspection mechanism for spying on Iraq.
Authored by a group including former members of UNSCOM and the International Atomic Energy Agency, most notably former UNSCOM Executive Chairman Rolf Ekeus, the proposal calls for "coercive inspections," meaning inspectors backed by the threat of force.
The book has three basic parts: a series of anecdotes that forms a partial memoir of Ambassador Butler's experiences with UNSCOM in Iraq, a broader discussion of the dangers of proliferation of WMD, and a critique of the United States' plans to deploy missile defenses.
This was to be achieved by a system of UNSCOM weapons inspections and the imposition of sanctions that became a source of bitterness among Iraqis, radical Arab nationalists and Islamists, who believe the sanctions, not President Saddam, are responsible for the misery and deprivation suffered, for years, by the Iraqi people.