One answer was for the USAAC to simply build new airfields and schools and use only Air Corps instructors.
However, he needed to determine if they were willing and able to assist the USAAC.
After inspecting civilian facilities and observing training methods, the Board recommended that the USAAC implement a pilot mission or plan that would produce 4,500 pilots over the next two years, commencing July 1,1939.
Although the USAAC was short 230 Primary trainers and was not authorized to loan government aircraft to civilians, the plan was implemented.
A USAAC study later noted that if the contractors had not gone ahead without a "guarantee of compensation, the revised 4,500 mission would have failed.
The USAAC later asserted, "These men, almost without exception, had had considerable experience in civilian flying training and their schools were considered among the best in the United States.
In light of these events, President Roosevelt called Arnold to the White House to discuss how to expand the USAAC.
The USAAC noted that the costs of training under the civilians decreased.
In November 1940, Arnold, who now wore the additional hat of Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army, announced that the USAAC would pursue a 12,000 Pilot Plan, and ordered that eleven schools be established.
The USAAC mailed them all a form letter that explained that operator experience in flight training, the "nucleus .