USCOPUnited States Commission on Ocean Policy
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USCOP suggests that some existing regional initiatives might provide a starting point for regional ocean councils.
Recognizing the major role that federal agencies play in management of ocean and coastal resources, USCOP made a number of recommendations concerning the organization and coordination of federal agencies.
USCOP REPORT, supra note 1, at 52-55; PEW REPORT, supra note 1, at 26-28.
USCOP REPORT, supra note 1, at 472-522; PEW REPORT, supra note 1, at 102-16.
The USCOP recommends that these structures be designed to promote innovation, learning, and adaptation as well as to realize full economic potential of the ocean's resources and accommodate ocean resource users.
COMMISSION ON OCEAN POLICY (2004); [hereinafter USCOP REPORT], available at http://www.
36) The Council has been working to update the 1997 California inventory of ocean and coastal laws in preparation of the California Ocean Resources Management plan, similar to the effort by USCOP to inventory federal laws.
COMMISSION ON OCEAN POLICY 86 (2004) [hereinafter USCOP REPORT], available at http://www.
Rationale and Structure of ROG Offered by the USCOP
The USCOP recognizes some of the same problems with the current ocean management regime as outlined by Pew.
The USCOP recognized that the laws governing oceans and coasts are fragmented, overlapping, and confusing, and recommended the establishment of an overarching national ocean policy to guide the actions of federal agencies.
Although the USCOP advocated federal guidance for regional councils, it also stressed the importance of providing regions with sufficient flexibility to develop and adapt the structure and functions of their councils to their unique circumstances.