USFLUnited States Football League
USFLUniversity of South Florida Lakeland
USFLUnited States Futsal Federation
USFLUrban Science Forward Look (European Science Foundation)
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See Richard Hoffer, USFL Awarded Only $3 in Antitrust
The USFL, during a three-year, springtime run with about 20 teams in some incarnation during the mid-1980s, would regularly get crowds in excess of 25,000, even for the L.
When I transferred to Northern Michigan, the coach was a guy by the name of Rollie Dotsch, who was later a head coach in the USFL with the Birmingham Stallions.
He tells of his college football career and how he failed to make the jump to the now-defunct USFL.
A jury decided in the 1986 verdict that although the NFL was a monopoly, the league did not prevent the USFL from obtaining a network television contract.
Competition from the USFL did lead to higher salaries for NFL players.
The USFL football championship was won by the Baltimore Stars, who defeated the Oakland Invaders 28-24.
He also served as president of the Portland Breakers USFL football club.
Players such as Herschel Walker, Doug Flutie and Anthony Carter became instant multi-millionaires by spurning the NFL for the USFL.
The USFL folded in 1986, however, and players' salary growth then decelerated.
Although average player salaries in the NFL rose from $90,000 in 1982 to $230,000 in 1987, most of this increase was due to opportunities for players to jump to USFL clubs for a higher salary or to be paid more by their NFL clubs to stay.
By 1986, the USFL would file an anti-trust lawsuit against the NFL and win, but the league received a token $1 in the judgment and then promptly folded.