Correlations between workplace guanxi, UWB, and job satisfaction were analyzed using Spearman's rank correlations.
Descriptive statistics and correlations between workplace guanxi, UWB, and job satisfaction are presented in Table 2.
According to the results of the rank correlation analysis, unlike violation of laws and regulations UWB, both ordinary UWB and property-related UWB have a significantly positive relationship with guanxi prevalence.
The effects of guanxi practices on violation of laws and regulations UWB (Model 4), ordinary UWB (Model 7), and property-related UWB (Model 11) are all nonsignificant.
When job satisfaction was introduced, the results in Table 3 show that the influence of job satisfaction on both violation of laws and regulations UWB (Model 4) and property-related UWB (Model 12) was nonsignificant.
This pattern of results indicates job satisfaction partially mediates the relationship between guanxi prevalence and ordinary UWB. Therefore, Hypothesis 4 was supported.
In this study we conducted a survey of employees in different areas and various industries in China and found an evident positive correlation between guanxi prevalence and both ordinary and property-related UWB; the association of guanxi practices with violation of laws and regulations UWB, property-related UWB, and ordinary UWB were all significant.
These employees believe that, due to guanxi, the supervisor may be willing to overlook certain aspects of relatively minor ordinary and property-related UWB, as long as laws are not broken.
As our findings in this study showed, there was a significant negative correlation between job satisfaction and UWB. The more dissatisfied employees are with their work, the more they will be inclined to engage in UWB.
Thus, by examining the role of job satisfaction in workplace guanxi and UWB, we have enriched the study of the effects of job satisfaction on negative organizational behavior.