The rise of the UWSA
to the forefront of ethnic armed opposition in Myanmar in 2015 came as a surprise to many.
The walk out was ostensibly a result of some "confusion" over registration of UWSA
Likewise, it's assumed that the UWSA
, which has received massive support - including surface-to-air missiles, mortars, assault rifles and armored vehicles and howitzers - from China did not sign because Beijing needs it as a leverage when negotiating deals with the Burmese government.
In his opening speech addressing the meeting, leader of United Wa State Army (UWSA
) Bao Youxiang said that the main purpose of the summit is to exchange opinions by putting aside disagreed ideas among ethnic armed groups and to swiftly implement the peace process.
According to the report, the country's military and the United Wa State Army (UWSA
) have agreed to hold regular meetings and withdraw their positions that they had occupied before a recent stand-off.
entered into a ceasefire with the Burmese in 1989 but the agreement fell apart in 2009 after the junta attacked the Kokang Chinese, one of the Wa's major allies.
(25) Furthermore, the opium bans launched by the MNDAA in 2002 and the UWSA
in 2005 appear to have become unsustainable in light of the region's extreme poverty, households' heavy reliance on the revenue derived from opium cultivation and the inadequacy of alternative development programmes, especially in light of falling prices for other export goods such as rubber and teak.
In Myanmar the rebel group United Wa State Army (UWSA
) fought for the Wa region in 1997.
The University of Wisconsin System Administration (UWSA
) educates more than 170,000 students on 26 campuses, and also conducts distance education programs.
The United Wa State Army (UWSA
), Shan State Army-South (SSA-S), Shan State Army-North (SSA-N), Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DBKA), ethnic Chinese criminal groups (including the Triads), and other armed groups have criminal networks that stretch from India to Malaysia and up into China.
They watch not only for the SPDC but also the United Wa State Army (UWSA
Recognizing the porousness of the 1,200-mile China-Burma frontier, as well as the potential to dominate China's massive market, the United Wa State Army (UWSA
), a narcotrafficking organization that operates freely in northeast Burma, has focused its attention on China.