A starting point would be clarifying definitions, and making clear literary, policy and social distinctions between those seeking a better life, and those fleeing war - especially unaccompanied and separated children
. Until now, a clear answer to this question 'Who is a child?' is not forthcoming.
Thousands of unaccompanied and separated children
are at daily risk of sexual and gender-based violence along the worlds migratory trails, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) warned.
She explained there were 52 unaccompanied and separated children
seeking asylum in Cyprus in 2014, 113 in 2015, 220 in 2016 and 221 in 2017.
6: Treatment of Unaccompanied and Separated Children
Outside Their Country of Origin, U.N.
Beto O'Rourke, D-El Paso, said the facility held both unaccompanied and separated children
and said some of the children might have been reclassified after they were processed.
In 2016, nearly 34,000 unaccompanied and separated children
arrived in Europe (in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain).
The assessment of the situation with migrant and refugee children, including unaccompanied and separated children
in Bosnia and Herzegovina was completed at the request of international organizations working in the child rights sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bhabha and Susan Schmidt, "Seeking Asylum Alone: Unaccompanied and Separated Children
and Refugee Protection in the U.S." (Cambridge, ma: Human Rights at Harvard, June 2006); J.
The number of unaccompanied and separated children
risking their lives on the Central Mediterranean has also dramatically increased, with 1,875 arriving in Italy during January and February this year - a 40 per cent increase over 2016.
"65% of the total registered new arrivals are children, including 6,921 unaccompanied and separated children
," UNHCR said.
Of the total 2,800 unaccompanied and separated children
discovered by the U.N., MacDonald estimates that around 800 satisfy the former status.
(5.) Experts Meet in Dublin to Discuss Child Asylum Seekers, AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE, June 6, 2001 (noting the steady rise of unaccompanied minors seeking asylum from 2 in 1998 to 33 in 1999 and 304 in 2000); see also TRENDS IN UNACCOMPANIED AND SEPARATED CHILDREN
SEEKING ASYLUM IN EUROPE, 2000, U.N.