For alternative access operators relying on the business model of unbundling, the main distribution frames are the most important access point for unbundled local loops
(full unbundling and line sharing).
In Poland, it will investigate a possible refusal to give access to bitstream and to the unbundled local loop
, and other possible types of non-price conduct related to the purchase of wholesale broadband access services that may restrict the ability of operators to effectively compete with the incumbent.
IV: Out of the most recent 32 million access lines served by competitors, 17.1 million represented UNE-P, 4.3 million unbundled local loops
, 3.1 million resale and 7.5 million competitor-owned local loops.
* Alternative wireline operators - which include the fixed-line business of mobile-focused WIND - generally recorded strong growth in customers served by unbundled local loops
in Q314, testament to the power of price competition, access to advanced infrastructure and an easing of macroeconomic headwinds.
David Edmonds, director general at Oftel, said: "In February, Oftel ordered BT to provide operators guaranteed levels of service for the provision of unbundled local loops
. After negotiations between BT and operators, it is clear that Oftel's intervention is required to ensure that BT offers satisfactory service level agreements."
The first trials of unbundled local loops
providing DSL services are now operational and after much hard work by the industry, BT and Oftel, more unbundled loops will be available.'
Among the reasons for the lack of deployment: WLL for cable relief is not attractive in urban environments except in unusual situations; it is not cost-effective for CLECs if unbundled local loops
are available; regulatory issues are not permitting new carriers to obtain service subsidy; little or no spectrum is dedicated to WLL around the world; and incumbent carriers prefer fiber or copper loops.
Copaco has a near-monopoly in the DSL market, given that there is little regulatory provision for unbundled local loops
and other access mechanisms.
Earlier this year, however, it identified a market for access to unbundled local loops
and imposed a full set of remedies on the dominant operator, Telekom Slovenije, including price control.
unbundled local loops
, a witness for CLECs intending to lease local
(18) European Commission (2004a) reports an increase of 110% in unbundled local loops
(fully unbundled and shared lines) from 1.8 million (mid 2003) to more than 3.8 million (mid 2004) in the 15 pre-accession member states of the EU, which, according to the Commission, can be explained by 'decisive regulatory action', in particular related to pricing.
'We are well on the way to solving this problem and the UK is on course for delivery of unbundled local loops
from the beginning of 2001,' he added.