As a practical matter, an unbundled loop
(with or without
UNE--Unbundled Network Element, which consists of a seamless combination of an unbundled loop
, unbundled local switching, and unbundled interoffice transport within a telecommunications network.
The EC has claimed that it is still considering taking action against Germany's telecomms regulator for failing to provide a line-sharing offer for the unbundled loop
. The German Government has gone on the record as stating that its line sharing is based on bilateral contracts between companies rather than on openly published prices.
Oftel said it was also proposing BT should pay pounds 10 for each working day an unbundled loop
is unavailable and pounds 80 per operator for each working day's delay in providing facilities for locating equipment in its exchanges.
In addition, there may be recurring per month costs for CO rent and power charges of $1,400 and line charges of $20 for an unbundled loop
prices on unbundled loop
costs and rates), this substitution effect is
The FCC declares that, "during the transition period, competitive carriers will retain access to the UNE platform (i.e., the combination of an unbundled loop
, unbundled local circuit switching and shared transport) at a rate equal to the higher of (1) the rate at which the requesting carrier leased that combination of elements on June 15th, 2004, plus one dollar, or (2) the rate the state public utility commission establishes, if any, between June 16th, 2004, and the effective date of this Order, for this combination of elements, plus one dollar" (FCC, 2005).
The data shows that the New Mexico Commission, as well as other state commissions, have established deaveraged unbundled loop
prices that can be less than the average embedded cost of service.
Using Mantiss Information's CLECware product suite, Focal has electronically processed unbundled loop
orders for DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) service with Ameritech.
Local loop access is provided in one of three ways: by selling the incumbent carrier's service, by purchasing unbundled loop
in high quantities and selling services such as DSL or Internet access on top of it, or by building facilities at the end-user site.
Prices of unbundled loops
are deaveraged into three zones in California.
Fully unbundled loops
are directly connected from the incumbent's main distribution frame to the LLU operator's equipment--the entrant gets full control of the copper pairs.