Salta has a low GDP per capita and a higher than average percentage of population with unsatisfied basic needs
: 23.7% versus the national average of 12.5%.
To identify deprived GAs, we used national census data on unsatisfied basic needs (UBN) (21) of the same period (1992-2001), for the 25 departments in Argentina where the 39 ECLAMC participating maternity hospitals are located, represented by their geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude).
Two poverty indicators were used in this study: 1) a national population index of unsatisfied basic needs (UBN), to evaluate adverse social conditions in Argentina related to maternal residence, and 2) socioeconomic status (SES), to assess poverty at an individual level.
Second, these results also apply when using measures of non-monetary deprivation, like unsatisfied basic needs
According to the indicator of unsatisfied basic needs
(UBN), it was found that 43.6% of the homes of the minors were poor and among these, 12.8% were under conditions of misery.
The nine socioeconomic indicators were: (1) total fertility rate; (2) percentage of indigenous population; (3) percentage of households with children who do not attend school; (4) gross domestic product (GDP) per capita; (5) average household income; (6) percentage of poverty with unsatisfied basic needs
; (7) percentage of households with inadequate services (e.g., no connection to a piped water supply or to the sewer system or a septic tank); (8) percentage of households with electricity; and (9) average number of persons per bedroom.