This article summarizes those findings, focusing on cancers at sites that are most directly exposed during alcohol and tobacco consumption--that is, the upper aero-digestive tract
(i.e., the oral cavity, throat [pharynx], voice box [larynx], and esophagus) and the liver.
A detailed examination of the upper aero-digestive tract
using fibre optic laryngoscopy and neck CT are important diagnostic steps to reveal a possible life-threatening injury.
As per a report in the February 24 online issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, low to moderate alcohol consumption among women is associated with a statistically significant increase in cancer risk and may account for nearly 13 percent of the cancers of the breast, liver, rectum, and upper aero-digestive tract
If the source of the hemorrhage is unclear, the upper aero-digestive tract
must be thoroughly examined.
Idiopathic fibrosis of the upper aero-digestive tract
. J Laryngol Otol 1989:103:333-4.