Joyner and Vace (1994) suggest that, "teachers need experiences to confirm their own understandings of the interrelationship of teaching practices, classroom discourse, student achievement, and instructional decisions" (p.
Student confidence is increased and the decisions that teachers make regarding their instruction are strengthened as a result of reflective processes (Joyner & Vace, 1994).
The results of this study coincide with the findings of earlier studies that analyzed the benefit of the 1994 CACREP core curriculum standards and that also round benefit in them (Bobby & Kandor, 1992; Cecil & Comas, 1986; Cook et al., 1986; Schmidt, 1999; Smaby & D'Andrea, 1995; Vace
Building community linkages, helping families to achieve membership in their communities and affirming different cultural norms that may exist within a single racial or language group are key skills for teachers and counselors working effectively in multicultural milieus (Sue & Sue, 1999; Vace
, DeVaney, & Wittmer, 1995).