Validation study visits were performed by a PD specialist (DJB, MYD, SCH, HMK, JBL, AS, SS, and CPZ) at our research clinic at the VAPSHCS
or at the participant's place of residence.
The clinical laboratory at the Seattle division of the VAPSHCS is responsible for performing anti-HCV and HCV RNA viral load testing for the Anchorage, Boise, Puget Sound, Spokane, and Walla Walla medical centers within the Veterans Integrated Service Network 20.
The human subjects and research and development committees of the VAPSHCS, Seattle, Washington, approved this retrospective study.
Lai, VAPSHCS Liver Research Enhancement Award Program and NIH grants P50AA011999 and T32AA007578.
Before the introduction of digital technology at the VAPSHCS, group hearing aid visits were routinely offered.
Veterans at VAPSHCS who are hearing-impaired and awaiting hearing aids typically have scores ranging from 25 to 30 and successful hearing aid wearers score from 55 to 60.
In this nonrandomized retrospective chart review of new hearing aid patients seen between September 2004 and March 2005 at the VAPSHCS, we found that those who received their hearing aid fitting and follow-up visits in a group format had hearing aid outcomes as good as or better than patients who received these appointments in an individual format.
Abbreviations: ANOVA = analysis of variance, OHSU = Oregon Health and Science University, PVAMC = Portland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, SD = standard deviation, THI = Tinnitus Handicap Inventory, TRT = tinnitus retraining therapy, TSI = Tinnitus Severity Index, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs, VAMC = VA medical center, VAPSHCS
= VA Puget Sound Health Care System.