VBNCVoisey's Bay Nickel Company (Canada)
VBNCViable but Nonculturable State (bacteria)
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In 2006, Vale bought out Inco Limited, and VBNC became a subsidiary of Vale.
coli as a model organism for study may provide a fruitful tool for more in-depth investigation of VBNC states in pathogenic organisms.
More recently, the researchers investigated how VBNC E.
coli O157:H7 can adapt to acidic challenges by transforming it to the VBNC state.
For example microorganisms in VBNC phase can't be cultured and a perished cell or a single genome in water may lead to fake positive result in molecular approaches [20,9].
Some researchers believe that the so-called "VBNC" is really a form of microbial injury; some disagree, citing that injured cells should grow on non-selective (general) media where VBNC cells allegedly do not.
The impact statement guidelines developed for VBNC identified the sustainability criterion as a guiding principle for project development, noting that EIA should go beyond minimizing damage and require a project to maximize long-term, durable net gains (Voisey's Bay Mine and Mill Environmental Assessment Panel, 1997).
Therefore, the potential health hazard of Shigella species existing in the VBNC state may be important, since Vibrio cholerae O1 could be isolated in the culturable form from stools of volunteers after ingestion of VBNC V.
El estado VBNC es una respuesta de sobrevivencia de las bacterias asporogenas a cambios de factores externos como temperatura, salinidad, nutrientes, potencial redox, pH y la incidencia de competidores [17].
Their reports, which provided primarily Category 3 TEK, assisted the panel during the scoping phase, and VBNC used these reports, as well as the Labrador Inuit Association's documentation of land use and ecological knowledge (Williamson, 1997), in its EIS.
The presence of sulphides at the base of the KIC and the large claim holdings by VBNC over the remainder of the KIC bodes well for the continuing exploration in the area.
Further, their results indicated that sulfites can throw organisms into the VBNC state; that re-introducing oxygen into an anaerobic environment can resuscitate them; and that Brettanomyces, as well as lactic and acetic acid bacteria, can suck it in and slip past a .