Otherwise, a request can be forwarded to the government of US for trial...in the United States.' It added that 'in case the US government refuses to try respondent No 1 or proceed further, the matter can be agitated before the competent forum for enforcing the terms of the VCDR
and seeking remedies provided under the law.'
He said that the aim and object of the VCDR
states that 'the purpose of such privileges and immunities is not to benefit individuals but to ensure the efficient performance of the functions of diplomatic missions as representing states.'
That is in any case a very narrow view of VCDR
. The immunities are listed in Articles 29 to 35 of VCDR
and one of those Articles states that, "A diplomatic agent shall enjoy immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of the receiving State." Criminal jurisdiction means the power of courts to hear a case brought by a state accusing a defendant of the commission of a crime.
Genes affecting optic nerve quantitative traits such as optic disc area and VCDR
may have a plausible role in pathogenesis of POAG by affecting developmental-related pathways .
is directly addressed in the VCDR
, whose Article 41 establishes the
If there is an error, then the third loop will be applied; otherwise the VCDR
and HCDR will be calculated.
= [Cup.sub.VD]/[OD.sub.VD], HCDR = [Cup.sub.HD]/[OD.sub.HD], ACDR = [Cup.sub.Area]/[OD.sub.Area], (19)
and CSM recognise a handful of exceptions to the personal immunities enjoyed by diplomatic agents and members of special missions in certain actions involving private matters unconnected to the State.
TABLE 3.1: Ocular parameters Ocular parameters POAG PACG N = 49 N = 31 Visual acuity, n (%) 6/6 4 (8.2) 6 (19.4) 6/7.5 tO 6/12 37 (75.5) 19 (61.3) 6/18 to 6/24 8 (16.3) 3 (9.7) 6/36 to 6/60 0 (0.0) 1 (3.2) CF 0 (0.0) 2 (6.5) Lens status, n (%) Clear 10 (20.4) 8 (25.8) Immature cataract 32 (65.3) 18 (58.1) Pseudophakie 7 (14.3) 4 (12.9) Cataractous 0 (0.0) 1 (3.2) AGIS score, n (%) Mild 22 (44.9) 9 (29.0) Moderate 16 (32.7) 5 (16.1) Severe 4 (8.2) 3 (9.7) End-stage 7 (14.3) 14 (45.2) IOP Mean 15.4 17.3 SD 3.20 6.30 VCDR
Mean 0.79 0.79 SD 0.10 0.10 POAG, primary open-angle glaucoma: PACG, primary angle-closure gaucoma: CF, counting finger: AGIS, advanced glaucoma intervention study ; IOP, intraocular pressure: VCDR
The Vienna Convention of Diplomatic Relations (VCDR
), to which both Sri Lanka and the United States are signatories, sets the guidelines on how diplomats should conduct their relations in the host countries together with other provisions.
Almost all Muslim states (1) signed and ratified the two international diplomatic and consular legal frameworks: the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations ("VCDR
") (2) and the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations ("VCCR").
The following example illustrates how a codified customary rule can be Pareto inferior to preexisting bare customary rules: the exemption from taxation enjoyed by the "premises" of a diplomatic mission, codified in article 23 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (VCDR