contained in article 31(1) VCLT
, which provides for a combination of
of the VCLT
and appears consistent with the jurisprudence of the ad hoc
Part II.A uses the VCLT
to elucidate the meaning of
(32) As already requested by the European Commission (under Article 351 TFEU) (33), Member States must now terminate the existing 196 intra-EU BITs by mutual consent (Article 54 VCLT
The general rule of treaty interpretation is contained in Article 31 of the VCLT
. (48) Article 31 provides that terms of treaties are to be given their ordinary meaning above all else, in light of the context surrounding the term while also keeping in mind the object and purpose of the instrument.
"considers many of the provision of the (VCLT
) to constitute
under Article 3 l(3)(a) VCLT
, constituting a further authentic element
Therefore, the adoption of the Paris Agreement just displays that the text of the treaty is acceptable in principle (VCLT
, art.9); for having binding status, the states adopting it should also express their consent to be bounded by it by one of the means of expressing consent (VCLT
of the VCLT
further provides that "[t]he context for the purpose of
The rules of treaty interpretation in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969 (VCLT
) (106) are commonly referred to when resolving the ambiguity surrounding the territorial application of article 14 CAT.
meaning' of the terms under VCLT
art 31(1), as 'relevant rules
that the application of the treaty in its entirety between all the parties is an essential condition of the consent of each one to be bound." VCLT
, supra note 26, art.