There were no influences from the dietary treatments on total VFAs
(100.4 to 106.8 mmol/L) and [C.sub.4] (10.4% to 10.8%), while the [C.sub.2] and [C.sub.3] concentration, and [C.sub.2]:[C.sub.3] ratio were different among treatments (p<0.05).
In yoghurt, both the volatile FA proportion (VFA
; 15.39% (milk) vs.
Chemical analysis: Lactic acid and VFA
were measured using HPLC.
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Tukey's test with 5% of significance level identified that the PA and VFAs
values in the effluent are statistically equal, that is, the temperature did not influence in the results of the alkalinity and the VFAs
during the biodegradation of the cassava wastewater with bovine rumen.
infusion could increase papillary length but the increase in length was not as great as that during normal rumen development of lambs indicating that VFA
appear to stimulate some aspects of rumen development and might not be responsible for all morphological and metabolic changes between birth and maturity in the rumen of animals consuming solid feed (Lane et al., 2000).
The components of ethanol and VFAs
(acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid from the liquid phase of the reaction system) were analyzed through gas chromatography (AAC GC-112, China).
A second aliquot (47 mL) was fixed with 3 mL of hydrochloric acid (6 N) and frozen for later evaluation of the concentration of VFA
Using the energy provided by VFAs
, the microbes assemble these materials into new proteins that also are absorbed in the digestive tract.
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