'While the amendment does exclude land being used under customary tenure from being classified as VFV, the law provides no definition of customary land or any procedure by which communities can register their land as customary,' wrote Namati, a movement of grass roots legal advocates worldwide group, in its report 'Most Farmers Do Not Know about the Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Land Management Law as the Grace Period to Register Closes'.
Accordingly, as the report's title suggests the ethnic farmers' either really don't know or refuse that their land to be classified as VFV land and stick to their traditional customary land ownership, with negative consequence on their own welfare.
The latest Transnational Institute report quoted one Karenni Internally Displaced Person (IDP) and refugee on 21 August 2019 as saying: 'After the VFV law amendment, over 50 acres of land in Hpruso were registered under the name of a Burma (Myanmar) Army commander.
In a demonstration of its commitment to improving the state's air quality, the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) recently accepted delivery of 399 methanol-powered variable fuel vehicles (VFVs).
VFVs operated on M85 fuel reduce smog-forming emissions by at least 30 percent, and in many cases by up to 50 percent, compared to the emissions of their gasoline operated counterparts, said the California Energy Commission.
With the addition of the new VFVs, 22 percent of Caltrans' sedan and station wagon fleet will be flexible fuel vehicles.