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In 1986, the federal government established a no-fault system--the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)--to compensate those who suffer a serious AE from a vaccine covered by the program.
Persons who believe they may have been injured by a vaccine can learn about the program and about filing a claim by calling 1-800-338-2382 or visiting the VICP website at
The VICP was intended to shield vaccine manufacturers from civil lawsuits due to vaccine injuries, and to compensate individuals who could show they were vaccine-injured.
Highlighting the availability of the VICP's opt-out option and its concomitant unavailability within health courts, some have argued that the former "is not an apt analogy" for the latter "for the simple reason" that dissatisfied VICP petitioners "may pursue a civil action for damages." (185) This characterization, however, exaggerates the practical importance of the VICP's civil action possibility.
Health and Human Services Administration's VICP since 1989 to the tune of $3 billion paid to victims of these reputedly "safe" medical products.
(235) A duty of this nature would be satisfied by some publicly funded compensation system akin to veterans' benefits or the VICP. A compensation system that is based on a theory of distributive and compensatory justice should therefore place at least some of the burden of payment for research related injury on the public at large.
The VICP was created partly in response to increased litigation surrounding complications from many widely approved, required, and effective vaccines.
The VICP streamlines the normal process for determining causation in tort claims by providing two ways for a petitioner to prove causation of a vaccine injury.
Injuries from certain other vaccines, including seasonal influenza, might be covered by the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP), ([dagger]) established by the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986.
Fleet Forces Command, Lindsay Hepfer of Naval Inventory Control Point (NA VICP), Joe Quinn, contractor support, Shawn Mitchell and Bob Pusti of NA VICP, Brenda Logan of USFF, Tom Baybrook and retired Vice Adm.
Over the years, it has established several key compensation programs, including the Black Lung Program, the Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP), the Radiation Exposure Compensation Program (RECP), and the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program (EEOICP), which GAO has reviewed in prior work.