The use of supratarsal steroid injection has shown promising results in severe and refractory cases of VKC
in international studies5,6.
reported a male-female ratio of 5:1 in patients of VKC
below the age of 10 years; in patients of AKC male-female ratio was 1:1; in patients of PAC the male- female ratio was 1:4.
Though called "vernal", VKC
often has a chronic course throughout the year with seasonal outbreaks, in spring and summer, characterised by a worsening of symptoms, and frequent corneal involvement, ranging from superficial punctate keratitis with corneal ulcers that compromise visual function [3-5].
Method: In this single-arm feasibility trial, patients with lung cancer undergoing radiotherapy and their caregivers participated in a 15-session VKC
program that focused on the interconnectedness of the dyad.
A 4-year-old boy who is followed up for VKC
presented to the casualty clinic with right eye pain and refusal to open his right eye for 2 days.
This is because a VKC
is focused on a topic, similar to a domain of interest for which the interested agents have joined this community.
In: Dehant V, Creager VKC
, Karato S, Zatman S (eds) Earth's Core: Dynamics, Structure, Rotation, Geodyn., Ser., 31, AGU, Washington, D.
[1.] Rajnee VKC
, Choudhary R, Binawara BK, Choudhary S.
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC
) is a non-classic Type I IgE-mediated, Th2-lymphocyte driven allergic disorder involving mast cells and eosinophils, although the exact mechanism is not fully understood.
AC could be as mild forms with transient inflammation, such as seasonal (SAC) and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC), or as more severe persistent and chronic inflammatory forms such as vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC
) and atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) [2, 3].
Pecina KU, Maldonado HL, Maldonado MN, Simpson J, Martinez de la VO, Gil VKC
(2005) Diversidad genetica en soya del Tropico humedo de Mexico determinada con marcadores AFLP.
The most severe type of AC is vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC
), which is characterized by the formation of giant papillae and can lead to corneal damage and vision loss .