Refusal of permission from the Party blocked attempts to establish a bridge with the Western world, but the VOOP
tried to turn the Cold War to their advantage.
The horticultural societies (tovariscestva) on the edge of towns (ogorodniki), the `nature protection brigades' which organized reafforestation campaigns (DOP), the Society for the Protection of Nature (VOOP
), or local historical and ethnographical societies (kraevedenie) had a considerable number of supporters.
Sometimes in the middle of the day, the sky clear, you hear a rushing swooping sound and voops
it fall down" (Lovelace 1996, 5).