Lee et al.,  in a retrospective chart review from 1996 to 2011, reported on 66 patients with VVFs
, 42 undergoing primary treatment (n=31 vaginal approach v.
Surgical repair is the only definitive treatment of VVF
with a success rate as high as 85% to 95% with first surgical repair.5 Although open surgical repair is considered the gold standard treatment of VVF
, its role has been challenged by recent studies which show that similar results (around 90% success rate) can be achieved by laparoscopic repair of VVF
with the added advantage of minimum incision, less surgical trauma and early recovery in postoperative period.6-8 The same outcome has been achieved by robotic repair of VVF
.9 However, due to lack of availability of expertise and long-term results of VVF
repair by these minimally invasive techniques, open surgical repair remains the treatment of choice for VVF
--studiju organizavimu labiau patenkinti TIF, ELF, FMF, VVF
ir AGAI studentai,
Dr Justine Butler, the VVF
's senior health campaigner, said, "The dairy industry often sends glossy promotional materials to schools putting pressure on teachers to encourage children to drink milk.
's senior nutritionist, Laura Scott, says: 'You'd be shocked if a child as young as eight was smoking, yet we should be just as concerned about the junk food diet they're eating.
Ochanya had battled Vesico Vaginal Fistula (VVF
) and other health complications at the Benue State University Teaching Hospital, Makurdi after she was allegedly severely abused by Ogbuja, and his son.
Vesicovaginal Fistula (VVF
) can be defined as an abnormal communication between the urinary bladder and vagina.
One significant and unfortunate complication of both prolonged labour and obstructed labour is vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF
These coupled with peculiar problems of rural women such as early marriages, lack of income, withdrawal of girls from school, Vesico Vaginal Fistula (VVF
), and pregnancy related deaths, has created apathy and indolence towards any form of developmental efforts.
As a consequence, women continue to suffer disproportionately from many of the diseases such as pregnancy related complications including HIV/ AIDS, VVF
, anemia, miscarriages, maternal mortality, and post parturition traumas that have become endemic to the nation and unique to women (NAPWID, 1997).
Institutional ethical approval was obtained and the clinical data of all women who were admitted with a diagnosis of VVF
from 1999 to July 2003 were documented.