ten Brink (Ed.), Voluntary Environmental Agreements
. Process, Practice and Future Use (pp.
(2006) theoretically examine the use of voluntary environmental agreements
in the context of a developing economy, where institutional capacity of both a federal environmental regulator and a local environmental regulator is questionable.
In this well-ordered collection of thirty articles from almost as many countries, voluntary environmental agreements
(VEAs) are defined, described, analysed and sometimes evaluated.
For DEGBE and DEGME, the Commission proposes the negotiation of voluntary environmental agreements
with industry to limit the risks posed by these substances to consumers.
In its new paper, the EU executive explains how it aims to implement the provisions approved in the context of the Action Plan on "simplifying and improving Community environmental regulations", notably regarding self-regulation, co-regulation and voluntary sector-specific arrangements in the context of environmental policy and agreements.Already introduced at the Community level through arrangements with the motor industry (reductions in CO2 emissions), the voluntary environmental agreements
system is increasingly recognised as an instrument liable to offer certain benefits, notably in stimulating a pro-active approach on the part of industry and offering a fast and economically effective means of meeting environmental targets.
The air transport industry is invited to make, by means of establishing voluntary environmental agreements
or otherwise, a proactive contribution to reducing the environmental impact of its operations.Pollutant emissions.Despite their general enthusiasm for the Commission's initiative, MEPs regretted the "vague wording" adopted by the Commission regarding this issue and called for clear objectives for gaseous emissions to be defined.
UNICE thinks it would be better for the public authorities to encourage voluntary company initiatives and voluntary environmental agreements
between industry and the public authorities in the light of schemes that have already proved their worth in terms of energy efficiency.
On this last point, the Commission urges the Finance Council to adopt as a priority the proposal for a Directive on an energy product tax, and Member States to develop other appropriate fiscal incentives to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.The Commission recognises that voluntary environmental agreements
with industry may constitute a basis for important emission reductions in specific industrial sectors.