with the long axis of the iPod perpendicular to the direction of travel,' as stated in the WBV
v2.1 User Manual.
This is a prospective 1:1 case-control paired study that assessed variables before and immediately after an acute session of WBV
. This study was conducted in accordance with the ethical principles for research involving humans (principles of the Declaration of Helsinki) and received approval from the Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (No.
All subjects were placed in the position that induced contractile activity of the paralumbar musculature as a response to WBV
. For each respondent, there were 200,000 positions of the electric field in the phase space collected during 200 seconds, where the position of the individual point was defined by the coordinates expressed in millivolts (mV).
One of these potential modalities is natural substances extracted from animals and plants with WBV
as an example.
It is important to note the small to medium effect sizes in the current study when considering dosage in future WBV
studies with dancers.
 Kandasamy WBV
, and Smarandache F, N-Algebraic Structures and S-N-Algebraic Structures, 209 pp., Hexis, Phoenix, 2006.
Research on WBV
showed this technique can improve muscle performance, bone density, strength, and balance.
Abbreviations AMPK: Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase CK-MB: Ceatine kinase isoenzyme MB DG: Dunye Guanxinning ECG: Electrocardiogram ESD: End-systolic diameter ESR: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate GAPDH: Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase GSH-Px: Glutathione peroxidase HRP: Horseradish peroxidase Htc: Hematocrit IL-10: Interleukin-1 beta LDH: Lactate dehydrogenase LVEF: Left ventricular ejection fraction LVFS: Left ventricular fractional shortening NLRP3: NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 SD rat: Sprague-Dawley rat TTC: 2,3,5-Triphenyltetrazolium chloride WBV
: Whole blood viscosity.
In addition, the time related to WBV
session is notably less than traditional resistance exercises ; besides presenting lower levels of perceived exertion  and physical discomfort , the WBV
could show a potential for feasible reduction in acute pharmacologic usage for this population.
(32) indicate that the application of local vibration may be more efficient than WBV
due to the stimulation of specific muscles that perform the exercise.
Despite its wide use in sports training and patient rehabilitation, there is still controversy regarding the factors that initiate neurophysiological responses in skeletal muscle during WBV
. In addition, the different types of vibration (synchronous and alternate) and the wide range of frequency and amplitude combinations reported in various studies (Bazett-Jones et al., 2008; Bosco et al., 2009b; Cardinale and Lim, 2003; De Ruiter et al., 2003; Torvinen et al., 2002; Ritzmann et al., 2013), besides the inconsistent results make it difficult to interpret the efficacy of WBV
Methods: The participants were 22 healthy elderly women aged 60 to 80 years, who were randomly divided into the whole-body vibration and creatine (WBV
+ Cr) group, whole-body vibration and placebo (WBV
+ P) group, and control group.