Two groups did not have a meaningful difference in the mean of total ways of coping, all 8 types of coping, and two subscales of the (emotional coping and problem solving coping) of the WCQ
These studies started a long history of inconsistency in the structural composition of the WCQ
identified via factoring or other dimension reduction techniques (e.
This can result in the improvement of the WCQ
to a level higher than 33.
The second concern is about the use of a narrow scale range (0-3) in the WCQ
The reliability of the WCQ
as measured by Cronbach's coefficient alpha produces scores ranging from .
During the interview, the participants answered the questionnaire, the BDI, WCQ
and SRRS forms.
Table 1: Mean and standard deviations Standard Instrument Score Mean deviation WCQ
Abbreviations: BHS = Beck Hopelessness Scale, ISMIS = Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, MAQ = Multidimensional Anxiety Questionnaire, PANSS = Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, SCID = Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic Statistical Manual IV, VAMC = Department of Veterans Affairs medical center, WCQ
= Ways of Coping Questionnaire.
El instrumento mas empleado ha sido el WCQ
(Ways of Coping Questionnaire) en 9 de los 23 estudios, disenado para poblacion general y que registra diferentes formas, cognitivas y comportamentales, de afrontar un estresor.
For the WCQ
a second order measurement model was tested with eight factors: planful problem solving (PPS), positive reappraisal (PR), seeking social support (SS) self-controlling (SC), confrontive coping (C), distancing (D), accepting responsibility (AR) and escape avoidance (EA).
consists of 66 items: 50 critical items (i.
Folkman and colleagues (1992) used a shortened version of the WCQ
with a sample of nonmonogamous gay and bisexual men regardless of their serostatus.