While studying at the Air War College (AWC) in 2015, Colonel Stone used the WGCTA
again for a similar study of officers' critical thinking skills at Air Command and Staff College (ACSC), AWC, and the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies (SAASS).
La confiabilidad de la seccion de pensamiento critico del CCGI fue de 0.739, el cual es equiparable con las pruebas internacionales WGCTA
que presenta un rango de 0.66 a 0.87 y con la California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) con rango entre 0.60 y 0.78 en cada subescala.
This analysis revealed no significant difference in scores on the WGCTA
taken at the start of training and scores from the same cohort when re-assessed at the completion of the course.
Moreover, the WGCTA
and CCTDI are grounded in a Western cultural context.
Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Manual: Forms A and B.
After 14 weeks of instruction students again completed the WGCTA
In a study of three groups (25 subjects in Elementary Education, 25 subjects in Special Education, and 10 subjects in Speech Correction) of preservice professionals, Holmgren and Coven (1984) reported relationships among six subtests of the Survey of Inter-Personal Values (SIV), total WGCTA
score, grade-point averages (GPA), English Proficiency test scores (EP), and age of the participants.
I used the WGCTA
to measure the CT skills of a sample of AD AF attending ACSC, SAASS, and AWC to establish the current baseline of CT as represented by the top 20 percent of AD AF officers in AY16.
Because the measurement tools commonly used to assess baccalaureate nursing student critical thinking are primarily deductive and/or mathematical in nature (e.g., CCTDI, WGCTA
, and CTAE) and tend to be based on the definition of critical thinking generated by philosophers (Facione, 1991), it is not known whether, or to what extent, such tools measure BSN students' abilities to think critically in nursing-specific contexts.
The most common are the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA
), California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST), Ennis-Weir Critical Thinking Essay Test (EWCTE), and the Cornell Critical Thinking Test (Adams et al., 1996; Kaddoura, 2011).
The WGCTA-FS is a much shorter instrument than the original WGCTA
, Forms A and B.
The results on the critical thinking inventory showed that the Caucasian group had significantly higher (p [is less than] .03) means than the African American group on four subtests of the WGCTA
(Inference, Deduction, Interpretation, and Evaluation of Arguments) and the Total Critical Thinking score (see Table 1).