Thus, it is possible that there were differences in the benthic communities before the WGOM closure was implemented that could have affected our interpretation of the data.
The obvious intent behind the WGOM closure was to eliminate negative impacts from both gear types inside the closure.
To our knowledge, only one previous study of bottom habitats inside the WGOM closure has been completed, an M.S thesis by Knight (2005).
In sum, these data further indicate that long-term studies will be needed to fully assess the effects of the WGOM closure on the recovery process for benthic communities on hard bottoms.
Unfortunately, little information is available on how fish populations have responded to the WGOM closure.
5A) was infrequently observed (16%) and was absent in females from the WGOM. The 24-h POF stage (Fig.
On the other hand, the FOM method resulted in a more frequent spawning rate for cobia from the WGOM. Cobia from SEUS and NCGOM were estimated to spawn every 4 to 5 days, whereas those from WGOM spawned every 9 to 12 days.
Spawning frequency estimates were based on data from April to June in SEUS, from April, May, and July in NCGOM, and during July in WGOM. Region Southeastern Northcentral Western Gulf United States Gulf of Mexico of Mexico (SEUS) (NCGOM) (WGOM) Spawning frequency (n=23) (n=135) (n=35) % POFs 19.4 24.8 8.1 Frequency (POFs) 5.2 days 4.0 days 12.3 days % FOM 19.4 19.8 10.8 Frequency (FOM) 5.2 days 5.0 days 9.2 days
In contrast, the same size female from WGOM would potentially spawn 8,730,000 (FOM method) to 21,240,000 eggs (NBF method) between April and September, with the data provided here.