Instructions to the client and scoring: Scoring is simple and therapists do not require extensive training to administer the WISCI, although they do need to be familiar with the definitions of devices, braces, and assistance and there is some ambiguity with respect to how hard therapists should push patients.
There is no real alternative to the WISCI which focuses on capacity for ambulation.
Changes in physical assistance, assistive devices, and lower-limb orthotics were captured using the WISCI or WISCI II [54-55,57-58].
Physical assistance, orthosis use, and the need for assistive devices was captured with the WISCI or WISCI II in several studies [54-55,57-58].
For many SCIM items, performance is observed similarly to WISCI and FIM.
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association, FIM = Functional Independence Measure, SCI = spinal cord injury, SCIM = Spinal Cord Independence Measure, SCL = spinal cord lesions, WISCI = Walking Index for SCI.
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association; FIM = Functional Independence Measure; ICF = International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health; ICIDH = International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps; ICSHT = International Classification for Surgery of the Hand in Tetraplegia; IOM = Institute of Medicine; ISCoS = International Spinal Cord Society; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; QIF = Quadriplegia Index of Function; SCI = spinal cord injury; SCIM = Spinal Cord Independence Measure; WHO = World Health Organization; WISCI
= Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury.