More: Intel Foundation Supports the First US WiSci
STEAM Camp for Middle School Girls (Pia Wilson-Body Blog) | Intel Employee Service Corps
Nonetheless, a multivariate robust linear regression analysis including only the four variables showed that WISCI
, TWT, and pain VAS are significantly correlated to mTTOSG.
Abbreviations: 6MWT = 6-minute walking test, 10MWT = 10 m walking test, AFO = ankle-foot orthosis, ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association, C = cervical, CBO = controlled-brake orthosis, DC = direct current (motor), ESO = energy-storing orthosis, FES = functional electrical stimulation, HAS = hybrid assistive system, HKAFO = hip-knee-ankle-foot orthosis, HyPo = hybrid powered orthosis, KAFO = knee-ankle-foot orthosis, PID = proportional-integral-derivative, RGO = reciprocating gait orthosis, SCI = spinal cord injury, SFMO = self-fitting modular orthosis, T = thoracic, WISCI
II = Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury Version 2.
Morganti B, Scivoletto G, Ditunno P, Ditunno JF and Molinari M (2005): Walking index for spinal cord injury (WISCI
): Criterion validation.
Instructions to the client and scoring: Scoring is simple and therapists do not require extensive training to administer the WISCI
, although they do need to be familiar with the definitions of devices, braces, and assistance and there is some ambiguity with respect to how hard therapists should push patients.
"Not only has WiSci
provided me with an amazing and innovative education, it has also helped me form friendships that I will forever cherish," said Jasmin, a camper from Los Angeles.
This was not your typical summer camp--it was the first Women in Science (WiSci
) camp, part of a program that aims to reduce the gender gap in the critical fields of science, technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics (STEAM).
Studies included reported measurable outcomes for walking ability such as the following: (1) walking speed--either free cadence or fast walking (10-meter walk test [10MWT], 5-meter walk test [5MWT], 25-foot walk test [25FWT]); (2) walking endurance, defined as the capacity to cover a distance in a defined time (6-minute walk test [6MWT], 2-minute walk test [2MWT]); (3) timed measures of functional mobility, such as the Timed "Up and Go" Test (TUG); and (4) level of independence in walking, measured by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI
II), Functional Ambulatory Capacity (FAC), EU-Walking Scale, or Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS).
Various rating scales have been used to assess ability in persons with spinal cord lesions (SCL), including the Functional Independence Measure (FIM)--the prevailing disability scale--and the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury (WISCI