Se ha empleado tambien dentro del campo de la psicologia del desarrollo, para la comprension y explicacion las conductas altruistas (Wispe
, LG and HB Freshley (1971) 'Race, sex and sympathetic helping behaviour: the broken bag caper', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 17(1).
In counseling, the primary intent in employing empathy is to express understanding of a client, whereas the focus of sympathy is a client's well-being in difficult or challenging circumstances (Black, 2004; Wispe
In addition, women with husbands more than 5 years younger than they were at the time of survey administration were likewise excluded, due to the relation between marrying outside of this age range and health outcomes (Klinger-Vartabedian and Wispe
1989) (n = 48).
(1987) already stated, before the 1980s those approaches focusing on the emotional meaning of <<empathy>> defined it as either (a) feeling any vicarious emotion, (b) feeling the same emotion as another person is feeling, or (c) feeling a vicarious emotion that is congruent with but not necessarily identical to the emotion of another (for a more extensive review, see Wispe
For a discussion of the two terms see Eisenberg and Wispe
Craig Taylor has defined sympathy as "a primitive response to another's suffering which is partially constitutive of our understanding of what it is to suffer as a human being" (113); Lauren Wispe
characterizes it as "the increased sensibility of another person's suffering as something to be alleviated" (68).
This is to say that our participants likely identified with the celebrity's feelings upon becoming aware of his circumstances, which is the essence of sympathy (Wispe
Empathy has been defined in several different ways by past researchers (Wispe
(Ed.), Altruism, Sympathy and He/ping: Psychological and Sociological Principles, pp.
Because of all these characteristics group-oriented people are more likely to be involved with other's thoughts and feelings and therefore, they tend to empathize more with others (Wispe
& Freshley, 1971).