Rupert and Ebete, (17) using a mail survey of 1,500 randomly selected chiropractors (451 returned) reported that 57% of respondents had a WMSD
during their career, most commonly affecting their wrist (52%), low back and hand (50% each), shoulder (35%), neck (22%), and upper back (21%).
Based on the literature, it appears that deviated wrist posture in the flexion/extension plane is implicated in the etiology of WMSDs
of the wrist (Armstrong, 1986).
The controversy surrounding ergonomics, the science of fitting the job to the worker, bubbled to a boil last month when the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued its new standard designed to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs
OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) has been working hard to convince Congress to enact a bill that would require companies to follow an OSHA Ergonomics Standards Plan in order to curtail the number of CTDs, RSIs and WMSDs
. Budnick explains: "When a company has a cumulative trauma [or other work-related injury] reported, OSHA wants the plan to kick in.
According to OSHA's working draft, companies affected by the standard would be required to provide training on the ergonomics program and WMSD
hazards periodically, and at least every three years, at no cost to employees.
* Carpal tunnel syndrome, a form of WMSD
, leads to more days away from work than any other workplace injury
Approximately 60 percent of all lost workdays from work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs
) occur in these settings, OSHA officials say.
 These risk factors predispose them for WMSD
. However, the individual impact of these risk factors on laboratory professionals among Indian laboratory professionals is unknown.
The 2015 ANCC revisions have two major BIO/ COI documentation changes that have been implemented in the new WMSD
The finding that split keyboards place the wrist closer to a neutral posture in the radial/ulnar plane substantially reduces one occupational risk factor of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs
): ulnar deviation of the wrist.