Indeed, the average age of WNHs age 45-54 increased by half a year between 1990 and 2015, so that part of the mortality increase we documented is attributable to this aging.
We show separate mortality rates for black non-Hispanics (BNHs), for Hispanics, and for all WNHs, as well as for the subset of WNHs with no more than a high school degree.
Mortality rates of BNHs age 50-54 have been and remain higher than those of WNHs age 50-54 as a whole, but have fallen rapidly, by about 25 percent from 1999 to 2015; as a result of this, and of the rise in white mortality, the black/white mortality gap in this (and other) age group(s) has been closing (National Center for Health Statistics 2016; Fuchs 2016).
Figure 1 presents the comparison of WNHs with a high school degree or less with all BNHs--including those with some college or a college degree, who carry a lower risk of mortality.
Although WNHs saw that same decline until the late 1990s, it was followed by intermittent and overall mortality increases through 2015.
3) WNHs age 30-34 had mortality rate increases of almost 2 percent a year on average during this 15-year period.
Figure 7 shows mortality rates for the birth cohorts of WNHs with less than a bachelor's degree at five-year intervals for birth years from 1935 to 1980, from drug overdoses (top-right panel), suicide (bottom left), alcohol-related liver deaths (bottom right), and all three together (top left).
WNHs and the comparison countries from 1989 to 2014.
The slowdown in progress on cancer can be partially explained by smoking; the decline in lung cancer mortality slowed for male WNHs age 45-49 and 50-54 from 2000 to 2014, and the mortality rate increased for women age 45-49 between 2000 and 2010.
Participants from the two minority groups (MA and BNH) were more likely to report engaging in healthy diabetes self-management behaviors such as reducing fat or calories and BNH were more likely to report checking their feet for sores than WNH.
Black, non-Hispanics were twice as likely to report receiving diabetes education than WNH controlling for health insurance.
Table 1 General characteristics of the study population Variable (b) MA BNH WNH P Total Age (years) 56.