To address this problem, the WPRFMC
turned to the DAR, which created 19 bottomfish restricted fishing areas (BRFAs) and prohibited bottomfishing in them (Div.
In 1984 the WPRFMC initiated a monitoring program at the Honolulu fish auction to provide additional information on bottomfish landings in Hawaii.
(1) (WPRFMC) Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council.
Although the entire range of depths used by the Hawai'i deepwater bottomfish assemblage has not been determined, the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council (WPRFMC
) has defined the deepwater bottomfish essential fish habitat as all depths between 100 and 400 m, and adult habitat areas of particular concern as slopes and escarpments between 40 and 280 m depth (WPRFMC
Based on these results, the observed high discard rate of sublegal and berried lobsters (62%), and the presumption that the mortality rate of discarded lobsters is greater than 75%, the WPRFMC amended the Crustaceans FMP in 1996 to allow the retention of all lobsters caught in the NWHI commercial lobster-trap fishery subject to the quota on total catch (WPRFMC (1)).
Adoption of the retain-all fishery by the WPRFMC in 1996 significantly reduced fishery-induced handling mortality.
Potential interactions, impacts on endangered species, the possibility of localized overfishing, and gear conflicts (Pooley, 1990) prompted the WPRFMC to establish regulations for the domestic longline fishery in 1990 (Dollar and Yoshimoto(6)).
Incomplete reporting to HDAR prompted the establishment of a NMFS market sampling program in late 1986 (Pooley, 1993b) and a Federal longline logbook program (Dollar and Yoshimoto(6)) was instituted by the WPRFMC in 1990 to collect more detailed data.
To mitigate conflicts between longliners and small-vessel troll and handline fishermen, the WPRFMC in mid-1991 established a buffer zone prohibiting longline fishing within a radius of 75 n.mi.
Few of WPRFMC
's regulations have focused on American Samoa's EEZ, because no major commercial fishery operates there at present.