The proposed continuum of broaching behaviors appears in alignment with Helms's (1990) WRID
. Given (a) the prevalence of White European American counselors presently in the field and (b) the research demonstrating that White European American counselors feel less comfortable addressing issues of race and appear to do so less frequently than counselors of color (Knox et al., 2003), attention to Helms's WRID
Once the project is completed, it is expected that 51 percent will come from the White River, 42 percent will be supplied by the on-farm reservoirs and 7 percent will come from wells, which should allow the aquifer to recharge, WRID's Fortner said.
Farmers or landowners in the WRID also will have an annual assessment of $1 to $3 per irrigated acre.
The initial route of the canal was planned by the Natural Resources Conservation Service and finalized by the Army Engineers and WRID based on engineering, environmental and economic factors.
Because of these counter-criticisms, and the ample empirical support of the WRID, the remainder of this article will focus on Helms's WRID model to conceptualize Sol's issues related to indirect racism.
Given Sol's cognitive presentation, we can begin to examine WRID statuses in an effort to understand his level of White racial identity.
Helms's White Racial Identity Development (WRID) theory: Another look.
This investigation was based on Helms's (1990) WRID
stages and a qualitative study using journal excerpts that exemplified responses typical at a given stage.
The WRID is working to develop alternate sources of water for crop irrigation in four counties: Arkansas, Lonoke, Monroe and Prairie.
"If Arkansas' underground water supply still had the recharge capacity it had 400 years ago, the urgency faced by Grand Prairie landowners and farmers today would hardly exist," says WRID Board Chairman Tommy Hillman of Carlisle says.
Despite the benefits, Rowe, Bennett, and Atkinson (1994) identified some limitations of White racial identity development (WRID) models proposed by Helms (1990) and others.
Despite the contributions of Helms's and other WRID models to White racial identity development, there has been no exploration of racial identity development regarding the convergence of gender and race.