WRMSDWork-Related Musculo-Skeletal Disorder
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This case is significant as it draws attention to the WRMSD resulting from long term exposure to ergonomic risk factors in the sportive/civilian skydiving sports field which is mostly known for its accidents and injuries.
The ergonomic interventions in order to prevent the occupational diseases (OD), and particularly the WRMSD that may occur in the case of skydivers should also be utilized.
In this study, the duration of experience had no role in the occurrence of WRMSD. Our result is similar to study conducted by Ibrahim and Mohanadas on staffs of specialized health-care center where author reported duration of employment as a little influence to the prevalence of MSD.
The WRMSD were more prevalent in younger age with females being at higher risk.
WRMSDs have become multifaceted and a global phenomenon, accounting for 42-48% of work-related musculoskeletal illnesses.
[2] A study in Ghana revealed 71 % of minibus drivers sustained WRMSDs. Lower back and upper back pain constituted 34 % and 17 % of injuries respectively.
A recent international study revealed neck pain and upper limb WRMSDs were prevalent in bus drivers compared to other anatomical skeletal structures.
A descriptive survey study was conducted to determine the prevalence of WRMSDs among male long-distance bus drivers.
The descriptive characteristics of the long-distance bus drivers (frequency tables, means and standard deviations) were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science Version 18.0 (SPSS) for Windows to determine the prevalence and variance of WRMSDs. Kendall's tau-b was used to provide information regarding the strength of association between the various outcomes variables.
Only 22 % of all participants (n = 89) self-reported WRMSDs as a result of driving.
(20,35) Being physically active during leisure time reduces the odds of experiencing upper body WRMSDs (adjusted OR = 0.84, 99% CI 0.75-0.95)(10) and is associated with almost twice the odds of not having neck pain (OR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.14-2.99).4 The concept of 'minibreaks,' or 'microbreaks' surfaced when people realized that optimal ergonomic structure was inadequate to combat WRMSDs.
David and colleagues (34) have developed, validated, and established inter-rater reliability for a rapid worksite tool to assess exposure to risk factors for WRMSDs. Dubbed the "Quick Exposure Check," this brief assessment tool analyzes exposure to environmental, behavioral, physical, and psychological occupational risk factors.