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(35) Under the new rules, advertising funded by corporate and union treasury funds must be "susceptible of no reasonable interpretation other than as an appeal to vote for or against a clearly identified Federal candidate," the same standard the Court articulated in WRTL II.
This article examines the history of the "express advocacy" standards generally and the Furgatch "express advocacy" standard in particular--from the Buckley decision to the Furgatch decision, to the FEC's Furgatch-like regulatory definition of "express advocacy," to the rejection of this standard by many courts, to the abandonment of the standard by the FEC, to the FEC's resurrection of the standard in 2006, to Chief Justice Roberts's opinion in WRTL endorsing the standard as a constitutional means of distinguishing between candidate advocacy and issue advocacy/lobbying.
The case stems from WRTL's plan for a radio campaign in 2004 urging voters to tell their senators to oppose judicial filibusters.
The Court stated, "[t]his Court has never recognized a compelling interest in regulating ads, like WRTL's, that are neither express advocacy nor its functional equivalent." (200) The Court observed, "[a] court applying strict scrutiny must ensure that a compelling interest supports each application of a statute restricting speech.
The effect of WRTL II decision remains to be seen, as the ruling applied to specific advertisements rather than the electioneering communication provision generally.
Now, with the Council's Spring 2008 lighting scheme incorporating WRTL's 2-Tone lantern, the tree-bordered walkways crossing the area are much more pedestrian friendly.
The centerpiece of WRTL educational outreach are positive messages repeated over and over with information on where to find resources and alternatives.
Fifteen-year-old Hannah Szabo came to camp after learning about it at a WRTL booth at a music festival.
Kacie knows pretty much everything there is to know about computers and other complicated technology that is totally lost on this late 30-something WRTL staffer who still has trouble connecting the projector to her laptop.
By Joleigh Little Bass, WRTL Region Coordinator and Teens for Life Director
(WRTL II), (16) which preceded the Court's incessantly criticized, and even presidentially discredited, decision in Citizens United v.
(WRTL II), Chief Justice Roberts, joined by Justice Alito,
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- wrung from
- wrung hands
- wrung hands
- wrung her from
- wrung her hands
- wrung her neck
- wrung her out