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Thus, repatriation adjustment of the children in previous international relocations is expected to influence spouse WTRI. Like cross-cultural adjustment, repatriation adjustment of children is examined in a general sense using one dimension.
Hypothesis 4: Children repatriation adjustment after an international assignment will be positively related to spouse WTRI.
Spouse WTRI. Spouse WTRI was assessed with a one-item measure utilized by Brett and Stroh (1995) that they modified from their extensively used measure in domestic relocation studies (e.g., Brett and Reilly, 1988; Brett et al., 1990, 1993).
The two measures of spouse cross-cultural adjustment as well as the measure of cross-cultural adjustment for the children were positively correlated with spouse WTRI, providing initial support for hypotheses 1a, 1b, and 2 (see Table 1).
To test the incremental effects of the cross-cultural adjustment and repatriation adjustment measures on spouse WTRI, a hierarchical regression model was employed.
As indicated by the significant overall F score (3.71, p <.001), the total set of predictor variables was significantly related to employee WTRI. In addition, the set of predictor variables explained 24% (adjusted [R.sup.2] =.
An examination of the beta coefficients of the independent variables reveal that spouse age was negatively related to spouse WTRI, while the length of assignment was positively related to spouse WTRI.
That spouse age was negatively related to spouse WTRI is not surprising given that this is one of the most consistent findings among studies examining domestic and international relocation intentions (Borstorff, Harris, Giles, and Feild, 1997; Brett et al.
Four of the six measures of cross-cultural and repatriation adjustment did not have a significant relationship with spouse WTRI in the regression model.
Thus, it is difficult to explain the variance in spouse WTRI when the mean is high and there is little variance in the independent variable.
Thus, the findings relating to spouse WTRI in the study should be more indicative of actual future decisions to accept assignments than results in previous studies that did not utilize subjects with international experience.
Other measures of previous international experience might shed more light on spouse and employee WTRI. For instance, factors such as predicted career and financial gains have been cited as top reasons for accepting global assignments (Cendent Mobility, 2004; GMAC, 2004; T; renou, 2003; Tung, 1998).
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