No reliable estimates are available for the number of cases of West Nile encephalitis
that occur worldwide (CDC, 2001b).
West Nile encephalitis
is making its way to Texan waterways.
The West Nile encephalitis
outbreak in New York late last summer demonstrated that unusual diseases can flourish, and humans can die given the right conditions.
Scientists cross species barriers to diagnose West Nile encephalitis
The 2012 West Nile encephalitis
epidemic in Dallas, Texas.
The author goes further than do most other scientists, treating human infectious disease as an ecological system, and identifying Lyme disease as an excellent model for understanding many other emerging infectious human and animal diseases, including West Nile encephalitis
, SARS, and schistosomiasis.
** West Nile neuroinvasive disease; includes West Nile encephalitis
or meningitis or West Nile poliomyelitis and is characterized by headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, or paralysis.
This buffering effect conferred by biodiversity may also apply to other human infectious diseases such as West Nile encephalitis
, cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis, African trypanosomiasis, and Chagas disease (Ostfeld and Keesing 2000b).
Walters links the outbreaks of SARS, Salmonella DT104, West Nile Encephalitis
, Lyme Disease, Mad Cow and AIDS with globalization, forest degradation, the bushmeat trade, climate change and industrialized agriculture.
2002 saw the number of cases of West Nile encephalitis
in the United States soar to 4,156 human cases and 284 deaths--the largest in the world.
The five patients with West Nile meningitis were younger than those with West Nile encephalitis
(median ages 35 and 70, respectively), and they fared better.