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References in periodicals archive ?
Sweet, Henry (ed.) 1871 King Alfred's West-Saxon version of Gregory's Pastoral Care.
Rather than revealing the discovery of a second Saxon fragment, however, he soon makes clear that he means the Vatican fragment and Junius 11, the latter containing `a text transliterated into late West-Saxon'.
Although the analysis focuses essentially on the West-Saxon standard, it does not totally neglect dialectal diversification, being supplemented with frequent references to non-West-Saxon dialects (in fact a separate extensive section deals at length with Old English dialectal characteristics (see below)), Chapter Three then traces the external history of Old English, covering not only the period of the very early Germanic settlement on the island but goes back to the pre-Germanic colonisation era.
This focus shapes the Vita Alfredi as a biography of the king's journey to royal authority that in turn creates a new foundation narrative for the political and social community of Alfred's court and thus, symbolically, of a united West-Saxon and Mercian kingdom.
The West-Saxon Old English use of the graphic sequence <ie> has been the subject of so much controversy (with respect to, for instance, the phonetic quality of the i-mutated diphthongs so represented, the signification of <ie> following graphs representing palatal consonants, as well as its putative representation of either monosyllabic or disyllabic phones: see below) that the reader may well sigh at the prospect of yet another foray into its interpretation.
The language of the Old English version attests to the remarkable conservatism which the scribe manifests throughout.(31) Spelling conforms to that of the late West-Saxon standard, with only a sprinkling of features associated with the transitional period: <u> for <y> in genudherunga; graphic reflexes of levelling in unstressed syllables: thinre (: tuorum) instead of thinra, resulting in syntactic ambivalence in the noun phrase, gefaren (infin.), and worulda (dat.
However, the quality of this sound, which is usually represented by the grapheme <e> in the Vespasian Psalter and other Mercian texts, was slightly different from the one derived from Germanic e, as can be seen from the subsequent levelling of West-Saxon ae and Mercian e (from West Germanic a) during the twelfth century (Campbell 1959: 62-64).
Though the prefix ge- occurs very frequently in past participles, it is not universal.(7) Especially in West-Saxon, verbs of this class whose stems end in dentals are subject to syncope in the past participle; thus, (ge)braeded [greater than] (ge)braed(d).(8) Blickling Homily XIV provides an example of an unprefixed, syncopated past participle of this class:
In early and late West-Saxon Old English the unstressed suffixes <-um>/-um/ (later,/-em/) of the dative plural of nouns and adjectives and the masculine and neuter dative singular of the strong adjective declension were frequently spelt with a final <-n>, implying /-n/ in speech.8 A more significant parallel, in terms of change in a monosyllabic pronominal form is the emergence, early in the early Middle English period, of <(h)wan), <whan> as the oblique form of the interrogative pronoun in some dialects.(9) In this case C.
Earlier in Brunanburh, Tennyson moved the historical detail of the Anglo-Saxon poem, as it occurs in the Chronicle, into a more dramatic first person, writing of how "We the West-Saxons, / Long as the daylight / Lasted, in companies" (37-39, my emphasis).